Anabolic Steroids and side effects
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Anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that are designed to mimic the effects of testosterone in the body. They are used to build muscle mass and enhance athletic performance, but they also come with a range of potential side effects that can be dangerous and even life-threatening. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at anabolic steroids and their side effects.
What are Anabolic Steroids?
Anabolic steroids are a class of drugs that are designed to mimic the effects of testosterone in the body. Testosterone is a hormone that is responsible for building muscle mass, bone density, and strength. Anabolic steroids work by binding to the androgen receptors in the body, which leads to an increase in protein synthesis and muscle growth.
Anabolic steroids are most commonly used by athletes and bodybuilders to enhance their athletic performance and build muscle mass. They are also used medically to treat conditions such as delayed puberty, muscle wasting, and osteoporosis.
Side Effects of Anabolic Steroids
While anabolic steroids can help users build muscle mass and enhance athletic performance, they also come with a range of potential side effects. Some of the most common side effects of anabolic steroids include:
- Acne: Anabolic steroids can increase oil production in the skin, leading to acne.
- Gynecomastia: Anabolic steroids can cause the breast tissue to enlarge in males, a condition known as gynecomastia.
- Hair loss: Anabolic steroids can accelerate male pattern baldness.
- Mood changes: Anabolic steroids can cause mood swings, aggression, and depression.
- Cardiovascular problems: Anabolic steroids can increase blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and the risk of heart disease.
- Liver damage: Anabolic steroids can cause liver damage, including tumors and jaundice.
- Infertility: Anabolic steroids can reduce sperm count and cause infertility.
- Growth abnormalities: Anabolic steroids can cause stunted growth in adolescents.
- Masculinization in females: Anabolic steroids can cause virilization in females, including deepening of the voice, facial hair growth, and clitoral enlargement.
- Addiction: Anabolic steroids can be addictive, leading to physical and psychological dependence.